I also recommened that you schedule time to upgrade the system and reboot the Linux server to verify that everything is working correctly.The author is the creator of nix Craft and a seasoned sysadmin and a trainer for the Linux operating system/Unix shell scripting.Maintaining the Portage tree You should update your Portage tree on a regular basis (about once a week or so) to help keep your system up to date: Another area of the Portage tree that needs maintenance is the /usr/portage/distfiles directory.This is where all the downloaded source code and binary packages are stored.is a configuration file that controls many aspects of: the way Portage works, the way the emerge command behaves and the way GCC compiles code.(Note: for a more in-depth guide on make.conf, check out the wiki page or the example file in /etc.) USE flags USE flags are special flags set in make.conf, in the file or right on the command line that control what features and/or programs you want to build in support for when you emerge packages.To run "emerge", you should first open up the terminal program of your choice and login as root.(Note: this document only covers the basics of emerge.
Portage is a package management system that is used by Gentoo and Sabayon to install, uninstall and maintain software on your system.
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for an in-depth guide, check out the emerge wiki page or the emerge man page) Installing packages To install a package, simply type "emerge" and the name of the package you want to install.
For example, if you wanted to install the Opera web browser: emerge -a mozilla-firefox These are the packages that would be merged, in order: Calculating dependencies... [ebuild U ] www-client/mozilla-firefox-2.0 [2.0_beta2] Would you like to merge these packages? [ Results for search key : firefox ] [ Applications found : 2 ] www-client/mozilla-firefox Latest version available: 220.127.116.11 Latest version installed: 18.104.22.168 Size of files: 39,034 k B Homepage: Description: Firefox Web Browser License: MPL-1.1 NPL-1.1 www-client/mozilla-firefox-bin Latest version available: 22.214.171.124 Latest version installed: [ Not Installed ] Size of files: 12,751 k B Homepage: Description: Firefox Web Browser You can also check out the Gentoo Online Package Database to locate packages: Uninstalling Packages To uninstall a package, the emerge command is ran with the "--unmerge" modifier.